Phosphate Flame Retardants (PFRs)

Halogen-containing flame retardants have garnered much attention due to their environmental persistence and possible human toxicity. This has led to the banning and phase out of many of these compounds such as the polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs).

Consequently, there has been an effort to identify and develop halogen-free alternatives. One such alternative is phosphorus-containing flame retardants (PFRs). This class covers a wide range of both inorganic and organic compounds. Although a small number of these flame retardants do contain chlorine, the majority are halogen free. Included within the organic compound grouping are the phosphate esters.

These compounds are used as flame retardant additives in plasticizers, foams, hydraulic fluids, anti-foam agents and coatings for electronic components/devices. Like the brominated flame retardant compounds, the widespread use of PFRs has raised concerns about their impact on the environment and animal health.

Analysis of indoor air and dust has shown that the concentration of PFRs appears to be higher than that of PBDEs. Additional studies detected PFRs in ground, surface and drinking water. On-going toxicological studies have revealed potential neurological and carcinogenic effects of these compounds, prompting the recognition of ecological and human health concerns.

To aid in the study of these compounds, AccuStandard is providing a number of PFRs for use as reference standards.

All products 1 mL at 100 µg/mL in Toluene.

CompoundCAS No.Catalog No.
Trimethyl phosphate (TMP)512-56-1PFRS-016S
Dimethyl phosphate813-78-5PFRS-006S
Triethyl phosphate (TEP)78-40-0PFRS-012S
Diethyl phosphate (mono & di-)598-02-7PFRS-005S
Tripropyl phosphate (TPrP)513-08-6PFRS-021S
Triisopropyl phosphate (TiPP, TiPrP)513-02-0PFRS-013S
Tributyl phosphate (TBP)126-73-8PFRS-009S
Tripentyl phosphate (TPeP)2528-38-3PFRS-019S
tris(2-Ethylhexyl) phosphate78-42-2PFRS-028S
Triphenyl phosphate (TPP, TPhP)115-86-6PFRS-020S
2-Ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate (EDP, DPEHP)1241-94-7PFRS-007S
Tri(2-Isopropylphenyl) phosphate64532-95-2PFRS-014S
Isodecyl diphenyl phosphate29761-21-5PFRS-008S
Cresyl diphenyl phosphate (CDP)26444-49-5PFRS-004S
Tri-o-cresyl phosphate (o-TCP, TOCP, TOTP)78-30-8PFRS-017S
Tri-p-cresyl phosphate (p-TCP, TPCP, TPTP)78-32-0PFRS-018S
Tricresyl phosphate (mixture of isomers) (TCP, TCrP, TToP)1330-78-5PFRS-011S
Tri-m-cresyl phosphate (m-TCP, TMTP)563-04-2PFRS-015S
tris(2-Butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBEP)78-51-3PFRS-022S
tris(2-Chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP)115-96-8PFRS-024S
tris(1-Chloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TCPP, TCiPP)13674-84-5PFRS-025S
tris(2-Chloropropyl)phosphate6145-73-9PFRS-023S
Tri(3-chloropropyl) phosphate (TCPP)26248-87-3PFRS-010S
tris(1,3-Dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCPP, TDCP)13674-87-8PFRS-027S
tris(2,3-Dibromopropyl) phosphate126-72-7PFRS-026S
bis(2,3-Dibromopropyl) phoshate5412-25-9PFRS-002S
tris(Tribromoneopentyl) phosphate (TTBNP)19186-97-1PFRS-029S
Tetrakis(2-Chloroethyl)dichloroisopentyl diphosphate (V6)38051-10-4PFRS-003S
Resorcinol bis(diphenyl phosphate) (RDP)57583-54-7PFRS-030S
Bisphenol A bis(diphenyl phosphate) (BADP, BAPP, BPADP, BDP)5945-33-5PFRS-001S